California
It’s a well-known fact that California enjoys wonderful year round weather. For winemaking, the abundant sunshine ensures a consistent and long grape growing season, while the diversity of terroir supports a multitude of grape varieties and surprising flavour variation within them. California's 1,300 kilometers (800 miles) of rugged coastline expose nearby vineyards to natural "air conditioning" in the form of fog and breezes, making for exceptional Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and other cool climate varieties. Warmer interior valleys receive the same cooling effect thanks to rivers, lakes and deltas. Meanwhile, vines planted along hillsides get a fine mixture of cooling air and bright, unfiltered sun-conditions that Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot were born to love. Soils are as diverse as the growing regions. Sand, clay, loam, granite, volcanic ash, seabed soil, river-run gravel: each contributes its own distinct minerality. Since the 1700’s, immigrants from all over the world have settled in California, bringing their vines and their skills with them.