Lazio
Like many Italian wine regions, Lazio’s (also known as ‘Latium’) heritage is ancient and dates back to Etruscan and Roman times. The city of Rome has shaped the region’s viniculture for centuries, beginning with the improvements brought on by the Romans to the instatement of Rome as the capital in the 1870s. Lazio is located in central Italy, and is home to volcanic hills which allow for fertile soils rich in potassium and well suited for the growth of grapes, especially white as they ensure a good balance of acidity. The cool breezes from the Tyrrhenian Sea help to balance the dry, warm temperatures on the coast. The Apennines Mountains protect the region from the cold winds coming from the north-east. White wines are the most prominent in Lazio, making up 20 out of the 25 DOCs produced there. Due to modern vinification methods, the white wines there are light, dry and crisp, designed for drinking young. Red wines, though not as well-known, are beginning to develop a name for themselves as well.